Australia is a very diverse country geographically and a hot spot for tourism. If you are thinking of going down below, here is some information on Australia.

Australia is its own continent, the only country in the world that can say so much. It covers about 3 million square miles and is the size of the continental United States. The capital is Canberra, but Sydney is the largest city with 4.2 million people. The climate in Australia is very dry inland with more temperate conditions along the coast. The population centers are primarily along the coast due to unusually high temperatures inland.

Australia was originally inhabited by Aboriginal tribes. In 1770 Captain Cook claimed the land for Britain. In 1788, the first colony established in New South Wales. Most of the colonists were convicted criminals from Britain. Gold was discovered shortly thereafter and Australia was a destination for immigrants seeking happiness and a new start in life.

On the far north coast, is Australia home to one of the most amazing places in the world. Great Barrier Reef is a water enthusiasts dream. With incredible plant life, being torn world known as a diver’s paradise. A watchful eye is advised due to the presence of the great white shark in the area.

Australia is a Commonwealth. The federal powers are mapped something for them in the U.S., but no Bill of Rights exists. In contrast to the U.S., retain the individual areas considerable authority over their own affairs.

People in Australia called “Australians.” It has a population of just over 20 million, and the population is growing at a rate of 1.1 percent per year. Australians ethnicity is 92 percent European, 6 percent Asian and 2 percent Aboriginal. No religion dominates, but 27 percent of Australians considered themselves Roman Catholics. Life expectancy for men is 78 years, while females live to 83 on average. Illiteracy is a surprisingly low 85 percent.

Australia was often considered the forgotten country. Long distance transportation changed that name. Now it is one of the hottest tourist destination year after year.